How to Play Othello – A Fun Reversi Game

How to Play Othello – A Fun Reversi Game

Othello is a little-known gem of a play. Although it may not have the same brand recognition as games such as Monopoly or Battleship, it is an engaging strategic game that is well worth playing. In addition, the game has an intriguing backstory. Consider what the game is all about before we look at the rules and detail how to play Othello.

What is Othello?

Othello is essentially based on the board game Reversi, which was invented in the late 1890s and has been around since then. Two Englishmen claimed to have invented Reversi, which led to a tumultuous history for the game’s development. It wasn’t until many years later, in the early 1970s, that the game was altered and modified in a variety of ways. Othello was the name given to the product after that. Japan was the first country to patent Othello, and it was characterized as an enhanced version of the game of Reversi.

In Othello, the goal is to have as many of your discs face up as possible at the conclusion of the game’s time.

  1. The discs are available in two colors: black and white.
  2. During the course of the game, players will be required to place a disc on an open spot in order to outflank their opponent.
  3. These lines can have any length and can be vertical, horizontal, or diagonal in orientation.
  4. Although the game appears to be straightforward, there is a significant amount of strategy required in achieving victory.

What You’ll Need To Play

A gaming board is required in order to play Othello. Because Othello isn’t as well-known as other board games such as Clue or Scrabble, it may be a little more difficult to locate in stores. However, with a little effort, you should be able to locate it, and you can always browse online for further information. This classic version of Othello by Spin Masterwould be a fantastic pick for any audience. Before we get into the rules and gameplay, let’s take a brief look at what’s included with an Othello game set so you can have a better understanding of how everything works together.

The Othello Board

An 8 × 8 Othello board will typically include 64 squares, which is the standard number of squares on an Othello board. In most cases, the travel versions of the game will be more compact. Some manufacturers have also produced boards that are somewhat bigger or smaller in size.

Othello Discs

A typical Othello set will have 64 discs, with 32 of each color and 32 of each black and white.

More discs will be given out in versions of the game that have a larger board in order to ensure that the board may be completely filled. Although Othello may be played with youngsters, it is recommended that they be seven years old or older because to the small disc size.

Othello Rules and Gameplay

The purpose of Othello is fairly straightforward. Simply put, you must place more of your colored discs on the board than your opponent in order to win. While the gameplay appears to be straightforward, really achieving victory is a considerably more involved procedure. In many aspects, Othello is similar to the board games Chess and Checkers. If you want to ensure that you win, you’ll need to consider things over thoroughly before making a move. If you appreciate board games of strategy, then you’ll definitely enjoy a game of Othello.

The Set-Up

The first thing you must do in Othello is pick a color for yourself. According to conventional customs, the individual who choose black will be the first to depart. There is no actual advantage to being the first to select a color, so you can feel free to go with whatever you choose. Check to see that each player has the equal amount of discs, and then you can begin setting up the board for play. One of the most significant distinctions between Othello and Reversi is that the board begins with a number of discs on it, rather than none.

White discs should be put in the top left and bottom right corners of the board, respectively.

Make sure you do this since, as compared to Reversi, this gameplay decision gives Othello its own distinct personality.

Due to the fact that the board is blank, it may appear like Reversi provides you with greater freedom.

The Play

Othello is a fairly straightforward play to perform. On your turn, you just lay a disc on the ground. Your goal is to place as many discs as possible on the board. Of course, the idea is in positioning yourself to flank your opponent. It is necessary for you to flank your opponent by placing one of your discs at either end of their discs. Whenever you successfully flank your opponent, you will have the opportunity to flip any of their discs to your color! Whenever feasible, you should try to flank lengthy lines of your opponent’s discs with your own discs.

  1. You can flank in any direction: diagonally, horizontally, or vertically, for example.
  2. The discs must be arranged in such a way that they have the potential to flank your opponent.
  3. You may be unable to make a move at any time over the course of the game as a result of this.
  4. Whenever this occurs in Reversi, you will be declared the winner!
  5. As a result, if you have the ability to earn more (even if it is an undesired one), you must do so.

The game will continue until both players have exhausted their discs’ supply. You should count the number of white/black discs that are visible when the game is over, and the person who has the most will be the one who wins the game.

Othello Strategies

Othello appears to be a straightforward game on the surface, yet it conceals complex strategic tactics. The process of developing a winning strategy will take time, and for beginners, the most important thing is to focus on learning the fundamentals and having fun. However, in order to assist you, we have identified a few points that you should keep in mind. For novices, one of the most crucial things to understand is that corners are essential. Due to the fact that you can’t flip discs in a corner, you should strive to get as many discs as you possibly can around the edges of the game board.

In an ideal situation, you should strive to surround and box in your adversary.

Finally, don’t forget about the diagonals.

However, diagonals are your hidden weapon and may be quite beneficial, particularly when it comes to catching your opponent off guard.

Othello – A Spectacular Strategy Game

Othello is a fantastic game for aficionados of strategy games, such as Stratego and Risk. The gameplay is the right combination of being simple to learn while still being tough to master at the same time. To be successful in your endeavors, you must first develop a winning strategy and then outthink your opponent. In Othello, you will put your creative-thinking abilities to the test. If you are searching for a game that will really put your creative-thinking skills to the test, then look no further.

Rules and Instructions for Reversi and Othello

It was during the Victorian era when Reversi, an abstract strategy board game, was first introduced. Since then, it has maintained its popularity, which was bolstered in the 1970s when a version was re-marketed under the name “Othello,” and again in the 1990s when a computer version of it was bundled with the Microsoft Windows operating system, among other things. Reversi is a game in which two people compete against each other on an eight-by-eight square grid using pieces that have two unique sides.

The objective for each player is to have pieces of their own color comprise a majority of the pieces on the board at the conclusion of the game by flipping over as many of their opponent’s pieces as they can during the game.


Reversi was initially played in the United Kingdom during the Victorian era and has been popular since then. In the 1970s, a branded version of the game known as Othello became extremely popular, and in the 1980s, a version of the game that was compatible with the Microsoft Windows operating system debuted, which offered an additional boost to the game’s popularity. Reversi is played on a squared board with 8 by 8 squares, and there are no chequers.

In addition to the board, there should be 64 pieces – initially, each piece was red on one side and green on the other, but any two colors can be used, and more lately, they have tended to be dark and light in color.

Preparation and Objective

The board is completely blank to begin with. Each player is assigned one of the colors by mutual agreement, and they take turns playing a piece on the board until all of the spaces have been occupied by the players. The goal of each participant is to have as much of their assigned color facing upwards as possible at the end of the game.

Basic Play

The first player to play is determined by a coin toss among the players. Each turn, the player sets one piece on the board with their color facing up, and the game continues as before. A player may only play to one of four middle-board squares during his or her initial four moves, and no pieces may be captured or reversed during this time period. In order for an opponent’s piece or a row of opposing pieces to be flanked by the new piece as well as another piece of the player’s color, each piece played must be put close to an opposing piece or row of opposing pieces.

It is possible that when a piece is played, pieces or rows of pieces moving in more than one direction become stuck between the new piece played and other pieces of the same color.

When neither player has a valid move (i.e., a move that captures at least one opposing piece) or when the board is completely filled, the game is declared finished.

Othello ™

It is important to note that there are two distinctions between OthelloTM and Reversi.

  • When playing Othello, the only two colors available are black and white, with black always taking the initiative. In Othello, the four squares in the centre of the board begin with four counters already in place – two white counters on the top left and bottom right, and two black counters on the top right and bottom left of the board. For the reason that, in Reversi, the more flexibility might result in an opening that is less intriguing
  • In Reversi, if one player is prevented from playing a piece, the game is declared over. In Othello, a player who is unable to make a move merely passes, while the other player continues to play pieces until the first player is able to make another move.

These rules have been given by Masters Traditional Games, an Internet retailer that specializes in high-quality traditional games, pub games, and other unique games, among other things. For more general information, as well as information on copying and copyright, please check our Rules Informationpage. Our guidelines are detailed directions for having a good time with friends. If in doubt, always follow the rules of the game that is being played locally or the regulations of the house. James Masters is a copyright who was born in 2022.

How to Play Reversi (and Win): Basic Gameplay & Strategies

Megan Cooper contributed to this article. Megan, who holds a B.S. in Public History, is passionate in sharing her expertise on the cultural history of board games with others. Read More | Click here to continue reading Historian with a Bachelor of Science in Public History On August 23, 2021, the information was updated. In addition to having the sophisticated stylings of a historical game and a simplicity that makes learning how to play Reversi a pleasure, this classic game is enjoyable for the entire family.

It’s a game of strategy and strategy alone.

How to Set the Game Up

Reversi is normally played on an 8×8 inch grid board with 64 double-sided chips that are split evenly between two players. The game is typically played with two players on an 8×8 inch grid board. After the pieces have been suitably distributed, the board is set up by placing two of each player’s chips in the middle of the board.

After that, the game begins. Usually, the same-colored chips are positioned diagonally from one another to create a pattern. The opening move is made by the black player from this point forward.

How to Play Reversi

Player’s aim in Reversi is similar to that in Go in that they want to have a big number of chips on their board by the time the game is over. In order to do this, players must steal their opponent’s chips while avoiding having their own chips taken away from them. To begin a game, the participants should determine which color they will play first, with the person holding the black chip making the first move. The first step in the game’s setup is for each player to place two of their chips in the center of the playing board.

Capturing is essential to the gameplay of Reversi, since you can only put tokens in places on the board that will result in a capture being created.

Capturing can occur by placements on the board that are horizontal, vertical, or diagonal in nature.

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In order to determine who won the round, players should add up their tokens to discover who had the highest total and so was the winner of the round.

Differences Between Reversi and Othello

However, despite the fact that they have similar gameplay and board designs, Reversi and Othello are not interchangeable names for the same sort of game. Othello was invented considerably later than Reversi, in the 1960s and 1970s, and while it has a few rules that differ from the traditional Reversi, many manufacturers and media sources tend to lump the two games together as if they were one and the same. As a result, pay close attention to the game you’re about to enter so that you can play it according to the regulations.

  • Reversi hasn’t always been played with white and black tiles on a green board, although Othello has always used this color scheme and board layout. The game of Othello has certain opening placements that players must follow, whereas Reversi-at least in its original format-does not rely on such strict beginning placements. When a traditional Reversi game came to an end because one player couldn’t make any more moves, players playing Othello can keep the game continuing even after someone no longer has a viable move since their opponent can continue making movements until the locked opponent gets an opening again

Strategies to Dominate at Reversi

Remember, don’t be fooled by the simple idea of this game; there are several tactical ways that you may use to win at this classic card game in your next session.

  • Claim the four corners of the board- Because they cannot be grabbed, the four corners of the board are the most precious spots on the board. To your benefit, attempt to move your pieces into these positions towards the conclusion of the game in order to maintain the best capturing position.
  • Start off slow and steady- Try not to capture too many of your opponent’s pieces in the early stages of the game. When you have the opportunity to make significant gains towards the finish of the game, lean toward more aggressive play.
  • Box your opponent in- Make an effort to limit the amount of permissible movements that your opponent may make against you. Consequently, you will compel your opponent to make a decision that is unfavorable to them but helpful to you. Containing and dominating the center is a crucial move in chess because it has important strategic implications. Similarly, when playing the game of Reversi, you should keep your pieces clustered together in the middle of the board in order to allow yourself the maximum mobility during play while restricting the motions of your opponent

Flip Into a Round of Reversi

Reversi is the ideal board game for a rainy day, owing to its small design and simple rules that anybody can understand. Try your hand at this lesser-known strategy game the next time you have a game night with your friends. It is suitable for players of all ages. With only a few rounds under your belt, you’ll be on your way to being the heavyweight champion in no time. 2022 LoveToKnow Media. All intellectual property rights are retained.

How to Play Othello

Article in PDF format Article in PDF format Othello is a straightforward game that is played on an 8 by 8 in (20 by 20 cm) checkered board with 64 discs that are both black and white on one side and double-sided on the other.

Even though the game is simple to play, it takes time to master it and build successful methods that will help you win. If you have a gaming set and someone with whom to play, get your board set up and begin playing right now!

  1. 1 Obtain the game board and the 64 black and white discs. 2 Obtain the game discs. Prepare a checkered board and discs measuring 8 by 8 inches (20 by 20 centimeters). Each of the 64 discs in Othello is black on one side and white on the other
  2. There are 64 discs in total.
  • Alternatively, if you do not have an Othello board, you may use a chess or checkers board.
  • If you do not have an Othello board and pieces, you may draw one on a sheet of paper if you do not have any. Create a grid of 64 spaces on a piece of 8 by 8 in (20 by 20 cm) paper or cardstock by drawing lines across the paper or cardstock. Coins can be used in place of pieces, and each player can select whether to represent themselves on the board by choosing heads or tails. 2 In the center of the board, place two black discs and two white discs. The discs are played with the black side up by one player and the white side up by the other. The black pieces should be played by the less experienced player because black is the first color to move and so has an advantage. Conversely, if you and your opponent are both at the same level, you can choose who will play black by flipping a coin. Place four discs in the center of the board, with two discs with the black side facing up and two discs with the white side facing up. Arrange the discs in a diagonal pattern, with the corresponding colors on the outside.
  • All of the remaining discs should be distributed evenly between you and your opponent. It is recommended that each player has at least 30 of the remaining discs.
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  • s3 Set up the board in such a way that the novice player has the upper hand. If you and your opponent are on the same playing field, there is no need to place any more pieces on the board to compensate. When playing against a novice player, however, start with more discs that are turned in the inexperienced player’s favor and cannot be flipped over, such as discs in the corners of the board
  • This will help to level the playing field between the two players.
  • As a result, set up the board as usual, but insert one of the novice player’s discs into each corner of the board to give them a four-point advantage. Because these discs cannot be flipped over, the game will be more equitable as a result. Avoid placing any more pieces on the board beyond those you have already placed to offer the novice player a competitive edge.
  1. 1Allow the person with the least amount of experience to go first. In Othello, the color black is always chosen first, and the player with less expertise should choose this color. If the players’ skill levels are equal, you may either flip a coin to choose who gets to be black, or you can let the player who lost the previous game to become black. 2 Place the initial disc in a position that completely surrounds the disc of your opponent. In the play Othello, this is referred to as “outflanking.” A “row” is made up of one or more discs that are arranged in a line, either horizontally, vertically, or diagonally, across the screen.
  • Consider the following scenario: If your opponent has a disc next to one of your discs in a vertical row, you should position a disc on the open side of their disc in the same row to outflank your opponent’s disc.
  • 3 Rotate the disc with the outflanked edge to the opposing side. Once a disc has been outflanked, it should be flipped to the opposing color. This CD is now yours as long as it is still flipped to the correct side of the disc. The same disc, on the other hand, may be flipped over again if it is a part of a row that has been outflanked.
  • Suppose the disc was white before it was outflanked
  • Once it has been outflanked, it should be turned to the black side
  • 4 To continue playing, you must pass the turn to your opponent. The objective for your opponent is to place a disc in a position that outflanks at least one of the first player’s discs as well. Suppose the second player uses the white discs and wants to finish a row by placing one of their discs at the end of the row. Your opponent’s white disc should be placed in such a way that a black disc is framed by two white discs on either side of it (or vice versa if you are playing white). Then, make certain that your opponent switches the black disks that have been outflanked to white.
  • Keep in mind that the row might be horizontal, diagonal, or vertical in orientation.
  1. Consider placing a marker on the last disc you played, such as a coin or chess piece, to help you keep track of your movements. This may make it simpler for you to recall what you were working towards when it comes time for you to speak up once more in the future. Advertisement
  1. 1 Continue to take turns positioning discs until it is no longer feasible to make a lawful move. Put discs in a position where they can outflank a row of discs on the other team’s side of the field. If this is not feasible, you must forfeit your turn until you are able to make a legally permissible move again. If neither player is able to make a valid move, the game is declared over.
  • It is not permissible to surrender your turn if a valid move is available, even if doing so would be advantageous to you.
  • 2 Attempt to create solid disc placements as much as possible. While it may appear that flipping as many discs as possible is the key to success, doing so really puts you at greater risk of being defeated. The majority of places on the board are vulnerable to being outflanked. The margins of the board and the corners of the board are the most secure spots on which to play. Discs in the corners cannot be outflanked, while discs along the edges are more difficult to outflank, thus strive to place discs along the edges and in the corners of the board.
  • When at all possible, avoid placing discs in the spaces immediately adjacent to the extreme corners or adjacent to the edge rows, as this allows your opponent the opportunity to outflank you and acquire control of the corner.
  • 3 Provide your opponent with a disc to use if they run out of time. If you have skipped a few rounds and your opponent has continued to play discs, it is possible that they will exhaust their disc supply before you do. If this occurs, the game will continue until neither of you is able to make a further move. Assign one of your remaining discs to your opponent so that they may make their move
  • Suppose your opponent has used up all of their discs and you have four remaining. If they can make a legal move, you should give them one disc.
  • 4 Hold off on making plays that your opponent will be unable to counter. If you have the potential to make a move that your opponent is unable to make, search for an alternative choice to play that turn and save the other move for a later round. The ability to limit your opponent’s possible moves while simultaneously assuring that a move will be available to you later in the game provides a distinct edge over your opponent.
  • For example, if you are able to place a disc in a corner but your opponent is unable to do so, you should hold onto this move and use your turn to do something different.
  • 5 Try to keep the number of discs you turn over early in the game to a minimum. Flipping a large number of discs early in the game really provides your opponent an edge. Instead, make plays that only flip 1 or 2 discs until you have played around half or more of your discs, then switch to another strategy. By delaying major actions, you will be limiting your opponent’s options
  • This will make them more vulnerable.
  • For example, if you have the option of choosing between a move that allows you to flip 4 discs and a move that allows you to flip 2 discs, choose the move that allows you to flip 2 discs.
  • 6 Avoid putting oneself in a confined space or restricting your mobility. Although it may appear to be a good strategy to simply play around the borders of the board, doing so may result in you having less options for moving your pieces. Place discs in a variety of spots around the board to ensure that they are evenly distributed. Otherwise, your opponent may notice an opportunity to block your other movements, and you may be forced to forfeit the match.
  • Place discs around the edge of the board, on the interior of the board, and in corners wherever feasible instead of solely along the open edge of the board.
  • 7 To decide the winner, count the number of discs of each hue in the pile. Count up all of the discs of each hue until there are no more permissible movements left to make. The person who has the most number of discs of his or her own color wins the game.
  • Consider the following scenario: if black has 23 discs on the board and white has 20 discs on the board, then black is the winner of the game.
  • Interested in trying your hand at some different sorts of board games with strategy? Consider taking up checkers, chess, or Risk for a fun and challenging new challenge
  • 8 Set a time restriction for a more intensive game to make it more interesting. If you wish to play a rapid and furious game of Othello, you may specify a certain time restriction for each player’s total number of moves in advance. This implies that the game may come to a conclusion before both you and your opponent have exhausted their lawful options. During each player’s turn, the clock should be running, and the clock should be paused when the player passes the turn to his or her opponent.
  • This option will need each participant to have their own timer in order to stop and start
  • You may pick a time limit that is acceptable to both you and your opponent. For example, the regulations of the World Championships often allow each player a total of 30 minutes to complete all of his or her moves. Every turn, this time is lowered by one minute, until either a player runs out of time or the game is ended. If you like speedier games, you may set a time restriction as low as 5 minutes per participant if that is what you desire.
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Create a new question

  • Question When the player who has the most discs at the conclusion of the game is unable to move, who is the winner in Othello? When you are unable to make a move, the game is over. The discs are then counted by both players, and the one with the most number of discs wins. Question Do you have the ability to flip in both ways if there are two chances of flipping (for example, horizontally and vertically) when you place a bet? It is possible to flank on two or even more sides in a single move, if possible. When you place a risk and there are two possible outcomes (for example, horizontally and vertically), you have the option to flip in either way. Question What happens if I outflank my opponent and flip a disc that then outflanks a number of other discs? Am I permitted to flip the discs that were outflank by my opponent? No. Only the discs that are outflanked by the stone that you have placed are eligible to be flipped. The flipping of discs does not cause a chain reaction. Question Is it possible for me to place the coins in the corner on the first try? Yes. At the event if there is a coin in a space near to a corner that you may flip while putting a coin, you can place your coin in the corner (and taking a corner as soon as you can is usually the wisest choice)
  • Is it possible to count in both horizontal and vertical directions, or just in one direction? Diagonals are important, because they are perhaps the quickest and most efficient way to get corners. Furthermore, a single motion can kick off several turns, all the way up to all eight directions if such a feature were made possible. Question Is it possible for me to ever play a disk that is the opposite color of my own if I am on my way to being able to flip a row? The only moves that are considered invalid are those that do not turn disks. If you make a move that turns and happens to be near to another of your disks, it is totally legal. Question Is it possible to flank diagonally? It’s true that the player who’s imprisoned is between your colors, which means that the other disc is now yours. Question Is it okay if I put my very first disk in any corner as a first-time experiment? No. Only maneuvers that have the ability to turn discs are permitted. For example, on the first turn with the four discs in the middle, Black can only place discs on the other side of the two White discs, which turns them. On the second turn, Black can only place discs on the other side of the two White discs, which turns them. Working your way around the bends is time-consuming. Question Is it possible for me to set a disk close to my opponent even if I am unable to flip it? Placement of disks is only possible while a player is on your flank. Question What is the maximum number of discs I can flip in a move? You have the ability to flip as many discs as there are discs connected in a straight line from the disc you are now playing. This may theoretically include up to 18 discs at a time.

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About This Article

Summary of the Article A entertaining 2-player board game known as XOthello (also known as Reversi), players compete to trap and gather as many pieces as they can before their opponent. Using 4 pieces, arrange them in the middle squares of the board so that 2 of the pieces are white-side up and 2 of the pieces are black-side up, and the matching colors are diagonal from each other. To choose who gets to be black, toss a coin and see who comes up first. Then, equally divide the remaining tokens between you and your opponent to complete the game.

  1. The only way to successfully put a token on the board is to do it in such a way that it outflanks your opponent by sandwiching one of their horizontal, vertical, or diagonal rows between two of your own tokens, one on each end of the board.
  2. Your opponent then proceeds to place one of his or her tokens on the board in order to outflank one of your rows once you have completed your turn.
  3. This pattern of play continues until either all of the squares on the board have been filled or neither you nor your opponent can make a lawful move.
  4. At the conclusion of the game, the player with the most number of tokens wins!
  5. Did you find this overview to be helpful?

Did this article help you?

2 players are involved. Suitable for children aged 5 and up Get: You may purchase it on Amazon (affiliate link) Mathematical concepts to consider: spatial thinking, counting collections Questions to Ponder:Which places are available for you to play on this turn? How many pieces do you need to have at the conclusion of the game in order to be the winner? Which of the game’s areas are the most vital to control? Should you allow your child to win a game when you’re playing with them? This is a frequent challenge for any parent who regularly engages in game-based activities with their children.

Alternatively, you don’t want your child to become so accustomed to winning that they become unable of dealing with a loss.

Even when I’m putting out my best effort, my son can beat me!

As stated on the box, learning Othello takes a minute, but mastering it takes a lifetime. My 2017 Holiday Gift Guide had a section on the game Othello, but I wanted to go a little further and highlight some of the amazing mathematical notions that are present in the game.

How to Play

With the use of a set of reversible discs that are black on one side and white on the other, Othello is performed on an 8×8 board. To start the game, four discs are put in the middle of the board, and each player takes it in turns to place a disc on the board. By positioning your own discs on either side of discs of the opposing color, you will be able to capture discs of the other color. For the first move in the game, black can place a piece in any of the squares indicated with an x and then flip the white disc that he has grabbed over to his side.

The greater the number of black discs on the board, the greater the likelihood that the white player would flip a large number of discs in a single move.

The participants then take turns counting their discs to determine who has won.

Where’s the Math?

The structure of Othello provides an excellent opportunity for your child to master spatial reasoning, which is one of my favorite themes in early mathematics. Children must pay close attention to the diagonal interactions that exist between the discs in particular. My son can readily distinguish between a group of discs that have been captured vertically or horizontally, but he has trouble distinguishing between a set of discs that have been captured diagonally. He will strengthen his strategic thinking as he grows more alert to the relationships he is building over time.

  • Children require a lot of practice counting huge collections of items, which is why many kindergarten and first grade classrooms spend time counting and recounting groupings of objects in their lessons.
  • After all, she needs to figure out who was the winner of the tournament!
  • She could, for example, remove the pieces as she counts them, ensuring that she does not count any objects more than once.
  • With each group of ten that your kid creates, she is beginning to understand how the tens place works and why it is so important for keeping track of huge groups of children.
  • In addition to providing many chances for mathematical creativity and play, the reversible discs and the array of squares are also beneficial in terms of developmentally appropriate play and learning.

It’s quite OK for your children to be mucking around with the pieces and not actually playing the game. Even though they are in a less organized environment, they are still developing their spatial reasoning abilities.

Questions to Ask

I prefer to ask two sorts of questions during the game: strategic questions and counting questions. If my kid is deliberating about his next move, I can inquire as to “which squares are available for you to play on this turn?” If he points out a couple, I could invite him to go out and discover a couple others. And then “which square enables you to turn over the most number of discs?” I’ll ask. By asking these questions, I am encouraging my kid to explore additional areas of the board with each move, as well as to picture numerous moves with each turn (I should note that I do not do this every round.) He’d assassinate me).

  • In case your youngster is comfortable with the game, you might ask them which squares are the safest squares for their discs to be placed on.
  • Counting questions are a terrific way to incorporate variety into your game.
  • Who do you think will come out on top?
  • After that, you may double-check your assumptions by counting all of the discs.
  • Is it possible to design a board that allows you to flip over that many pieces at once?

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Other activities and digital games are available. Kent Haines is a writer and musician from the United Kingdom.

News : World Othello Federation

Real Reversi dates back to the 1880s, was briefly a fad in England (it was played in other countries as well), then appears to have mostly died out shortly thereafter.1.Openings. In Reversi as it was originally played, the starting configuration was not predetermined, like it is in Othello. Players would take turns setting down the first four pieces in the center of the board. Because of this, either player could force the “parallel” starting configuration (White White Black Black), rather than the predetermined Othello starting configuration (White Black Black White).Compared to the Othello starting configuration, the “parallel” starting configuration does not offer a wide range of interesting lines of play. Also, parallel starting configuration may be a White win with perfect play. The Othello starting configuration is almost certainly a draw with perfect play, and there are many draw lines to choose from.Summary of the problem with parallel opening configuration: either player could force a Reversi game to become more boring if they wished, and White could possibly force a winning position from the start, which is less fun for Black.2.Passes. In Reversi as it was originally played, the game was over as soon as either player could not make a move. In Othello, the player without a move simply passes, and the other player makes as many moves as needed before the first player can make a move again. The game is only over once neither player can make a move.This “no passing” rule in Reversi makes the game radically different and basically screws up normal Othello strategy.3.Aesthetic differences: Othello is always is played on a green board with black and white discs. Reversi does not have predetermined disc colors. You can find discs in a lot of colours, mostly blue, red, or green. Reversi boards are in different colors and styles. Before 1975, Reversi never had a green board.Now, where does Othello come in?Othello was invented in Japan in the 1960s. Reversi does not appear to have ever been played in Japan. Given how simple and elegant the rules of Othello are, it would be easy to spontaneously invent Othello, having never heard of Reversi before. Either way, Othello is a better game than Reversi, which is part of why Othello became popular (and stayed popular) instead of falling out of popularity like Reversi had done.Unfortunately, because the games look similar and have similar rules, and “Othello” is a trademark and “Reversi” is not, many board game sellers, websites, software makers, etc., wanted to piggy back on the popularity of Othello by calling their game “Reversi”. Quite aggravatingly, they never use the rules of real Reversi (as far as we’ve ever seen).Instead, they mirror the rules and design of Othello, by making irrelevant tweaks like turning the starting configuration 90 degrees, or having White start play instead of Black, or simply changing the colors of the discs or squares. These differences make literally zero difference to the play of the game- every position is what is known in game theory terms as a “transposition” of the same Othello position, i.e. it mirrors the Othello position.And sometimes, those who call their game “Reversi” don’t make any changes at all to the rules or aesthetics, and instead make a perfect copy of Othello, in order to fully exploit the hard work the people in the Othello community have done to promote the game of Othello. They know that paying for an Othello license would cut into their profits, and because so many people think they are the same game, they could get Othello customers (people saying “hey, that looks like Othello”) even though they called it Reversi.This is bad for the players. Also, when a player never knows the game as Othello, and only knows it as “Reversi”, it actually limits how much fun the player could be having.If those people playing “Reversi” realized they are actually playing Othello, they could begin to join Othello tournaments (there are no “Reversi” tournaments), read Othello articles online, and join the online and offline Othello community and make great new friends. Instead, many “Reversi” players never get to join the Othello community, and the Othello community does not get to have the pleasure of making friends with the “Reversi” players. This repeated misuse of the name “Reversi” reduces everyone’s enjoyment of the great game and community of Othello.That is the long story of the differences between Othello and Reversi/”Reversi”. If you have any further information or corrections to add to this article, please email ben dot seeley at gmail dot com. Thank you for reading!
Lewis Waterman´s Reversi 1880.
Othello is sold all over the world. This is the game sold in India.The travel Othello game. A practical game to take on long journeys.

The Game of Go – WorldTimZone

Go is a game that I find fascinating. When I was looking for information on Pente on the internet back in 1996 or so, I came across the game and was immediately intrigued. Pente is one of my favorite games to play since it is both simple to learn and capable of introducing complicated strategy. Go shares many of the same excellent characteristics as chess. Pente and Othello (Reversi) have a similar appearance to Go, but they are fundamentally distinct games. Go has been compared to the game of chess (another game I enjoy playing).

Compared to chess, go is significantly more popular in the East than it is in the West.

I’m attempting to learn Go and pass it on to my children, and I’m working hard to do so.


  • Introduction, Learning Go, Popularity, Teaching Go, Online games, Palm program, SGF file format, and Conclusion


What is Go? according to the AGA The American Go Association provides an excellent and succinct introduction to the game of go. How Do You Say Go? by Mindy McAdams One more wonderful introduction, this time from an experienced Go player. An introduction to the game of Go for beginners In this introduction to the game, you will find a lengthy and well-written section. According to Wikipedia, Go is a board game. I found an excellent encyclopedia page on the history and game of Go. Visit the following links: A massive collection of Go-related websites.

Games:Board Games: Open Directory Project – Games:Board Games: G:Go The Open Directory Project has compiled a collection of Go sites (DMoz). There don’t appear to be many decent sites on this list. What I’ll have to do about it is figure out what I can do.:-)

Learning Go

The Interactive Approach to Traveling Playing go is the best way to learn how to play it. Java applets are used to demonstrate and reinforce lessons on how to play the game. Fun. The only drawback is that it immediately leaps into Go terminology without providing much context. Extremely Recommendable! The Game of Go has its own set of rules. The elementary rules of Go are explained using animated images and text. Recommended Tips for New Players in a Hurryby Mindy McAdams is a famous actress.

  1. Helpful.
  2. It is important to remember that the goal of the game is not to capture your opponent’s stones.
  3. Very easy to get to.
  4. Mathematicians and computer scientists will find this interesting.
  5. It features a decent beginning part, which contains Go comedy, which is quite helpful.


Take a look at the movie “Pi.” The game of Go is an intriguing component of the storyline of the film “Pi.” The film comes highly recommended by me. Nature’s patterns are observed in this film, which is at times frightening but always intriguing to watch because of its visual style. Take a look at the film “A Beautiful Mind.” In a brief sequence at the opening of the film, the main character, John Nash, plays the game of Go. A hidden segment from the DVD reveals that Nash was so depressed after losing the game of Go that he came up with the idea for a new game called Hex.

It’s a shame that the movie’s official website contains no information about Go.

The game is taught to him by the master.

A renaissance in interest in Go has resulted from the sponsorship of the Japanese Go organization, which sponsored Hikaru no Go in 2010.

Teaching Go

Instructions on how to teach Goby Mindy McAdams is a famous actress. This is an excellent post, but it makes more sense if you are already familiar with the game. After I got the hang of the game’s rules and gameplay, I realized what she was trying to say and may employ this strategy to teach my children in the future.

Milt’s Go Page (Milt’s Go Page) Some thought-provoking observations on Go in Japanese school, why youngsters should study Go, and Go and the brilliant child are included.

Online Gameplay

The No Name Go Server (also known as the No Name Go Server) is a server that does not have a name. A pleasant Go server to play on. A number of different front-end programs are available. Alternatively, you may play over telnet. A Java applet is used to play Go on the World Wide Web. Yahoo! Games is a Java applet that allows you to play games online.

Palm Software

Pilot Go allows you to compete against a computer opponent while using your PalmPilot. Supports a wide range of board sizes (9×9, 13×13, 19×19). Based on an earlier version of the GNU Go programming language. Freeware, with the source code available. Go J is a pilot who flies small planes. Japanese rules are supported, and some additional features have been added to this modified version of Pilot Go. It supports a variety of board sizes and allows you to play against either a computer opponent (who does not appear to play as aggressively as in Pilot Go) or another human opponent.

Freeware, with the source code available.


Gaming recording and playback software for the PalmGo Go handheld game console.

SGF File Format

User Guide for the Smart Game Format (SGF) A written format for describing board games that is widely used. In recent years, it has established itself as the conventional format for Go game summaries. Prepare your environment for SGF files by following these steps: How to set up your browser so that SGF files from websites may be viewed.

How to play Othello

  • The following materials: an 8×8 square board (you could use a chess board for this)
  • There are 64 discs, each with a black one-side and a white opposite-side color


The board will begin with two black discs in the center of the board and two white discs on either side of it. They are organized in a North-East to South-West orientation, with black marking the dividing line. White is establishing a direction from the north-west to the south-east.

Object of the Game

The objective of the game is to have the most number of color discs on the board at the conclusion of the game.

Tutorial Video

Othello is a strategic board game for two players that is played on a rectangular board. One player takes on the role of black, while the other takes on the role of white. Each player receives 32 discs, with the color black serving as the starting disc. Once this is accomplished, the game alternates between white and black until

  • When a player can’t make a legitimate move to outflank his or her opponent, both players are out of options.

When a player’s turn is over and he has no legitimate moves left, he passes his turn and the opponent takes over. A player cannot choose to forego his or her turn freely. When neither player can make a proper move, the game of gane is over.

Valid Moves

Black is always the first to move. If the player’s disc of the same color appears on the board in a position that “out-flanks” one or more of the opponent’s discs, the move is considered successful. When a disc or row of discs is outflanked, it means that it is bordered at both ends by discs of the opposite hue as the discs surrounding it. A disc may outflank any number of discs in one or more rows in any direction, and it may do so in any way (horizontal, vertical, diagonal). Take, for example, the placement of a white piece on the board, which results in the formation of a straight line consisting of a white piece at each end and solely black pieces in the middle.

  • The white disc on E3 and the white disc on E7 have now surpassed the black discs on E4, E5, and E6 in terms of outflanking.
  • Regardless of whether or not it is to the player’s favor to flip the discs, all discs that have been outflanked will be flipped.
  • If you are unable to outflank and flip at least one enemy disc, you will be forced to forfeit your round.
  • Once a disc has been set on a square, it cannot be moved to a different square at any point throughout the game’s duration.

After running out of discs, but still having possibilities to outflank an opposing disc, the opponent must provide that player with another disc to use until he or she runs out of discs again.

End of the Game

When neither player can advance any farther, the game is declared to have ended. The discs are now being tallied, and the person who has the most number of discs of his or her own color on the board is declared the winner. It is conceivable to end in a tie.

Time Limit

Players can begin with a predetermined time restriction for the total number of movements they can make. This factor of time increases the level of pressure in the game. During a player’s initial move, the clock will begin counting down and will be halted each time the player successfully completes a turn while the clock of the opposing player is counting down. According to the World Championship regulations, time limitations range from 5 minutes to 30 minutes, with the maximum time limit being 30 minutes.


The more experienced player should recognize that there is an advantage to beginning first and should extend this advantage to the less experienced player in order to avoid a tie. When a highly competent player faces up against a less skilled opponent, the highly skilled player may choose to impose a handicap on his or her opponent by arranging the board so that the weaker opponent has a four-corner advantage. If the disparity in ability between the players is not too great, one, two, or three corner advantages can be granted.

The Othello – Reversi Game – Apps on Google Play

“The Othello” is a fantastic application. Take pleasure in “authentic” Othello anytime and wherever you wish. This game is one of the greatest strategic board games available, yet the difficulty is not as straightforward as you may expect. Is it time for you to step up to the plate and face the challenges of strategic board games? By participating in strategy board games, you may achieve really difficult and exciting goals. FEATURES: – Reversi game that is completely free – High-quality graphics – Play without an internet connection – Compatible with Android phones and tablets – Both single player and two player modes are available.

– Include a multi-level selection option.

It will take a lifetime to master” A black or white disk is placed in each of the four center squares on the game board by the players in turn during their first four moves.

In this example, the first player sets their black disk adjacent to the white disk of their opponent.

In order to capture and flip over several disks, players must have a disk on either side, in either a horizontal, vertical, or diagonal direction, on either side of the disk being captured.

The player’s turn has been forfeited.

OBJECTIVE: The player who has the most number of disks on the board at the time the last disk is set is the winner of the game.

Use our free REVERSI application. You’ll have the impression that your intelligence has increased with each move! So, are you ready to take part in this fascinating strategic board game experience?

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