How to Play Hearts: A Quick Overview

How to Play Hearts: A Quick Overview

Hearts is a popular and simple card game for two to four players that is best played with a partner. All you need to play is a table large enough to accommodate four people comfortably, a deck of cards, and a way to keep track of the scores. To begin the game, shuffle the deck and dole it out evenly among the players so that each player receives 13 cards.

How to Play Hearts: Basic Rules

Each “round” of the game is divided into 13 “hands,” with each player taking one card from the deck every hand. The most important thing to grasp about Hearts is that each player must follow the lead of the other players (i.e. if a spade was the first card played, youmustplay a spade from your cards if you have one). Unless you are prevented from doing so by the fact that you do not have any cards of the suit that has been played, you are free to play any other card you like. Taking a hand is determined by the highest value card of the original suit played, with Aces being the highest value card among the others (Kings being the highest value card among the others).

The Two of Clubs is usually the first card to be played in any round, and play then proceeds clockwise from that player until the last card is dealt.

Prior to the playing of the Two of Clubs, each player chooses three cards and passes them to an opponent once the cards have been dealt.

On the fourth round, players do not pass any cards and must instead rely on the cards that have been given to them.

Here’s a brief video tutorial on how to play the game of hearts.


The principle of Hearts is quite similar to that of golf (which happens to be one of our favorite two-person card games); you want to be the player who has the lowest total score. At the conclusion of each round, participants add up the number of points they have received. There are thirteen points awarded for the Queen of Spades, and one point awarded for each Heart. Each round will have a total of 26 points awarded to the winner.

“Shooting the Moon”

The score changes if and when a player takes all of the points available in a round – for example, if they have taken the Queen of Spades and each Heart now in play. One point is awarded to the person who has amassed all of the points, and each additional point is awarded to each other player. To do so is referred to as “shooting the moon” or simply as “shooting the moon.”

5 Tips for Playing Hearts

Once you’ve mastered the fundamentals of how to play hearts, you’ll want to build some easy techniques that will help you win while also making the game more entertaining for you and others.

If you’re playing hearts, here are some pointers to keep in mind:

1.Remove Problem Cards

When handing cards before to the start of the game, make an effort to remove any problematic cards. Although these cards might be high-value cards from any suit, pay close attention to the Spades suit because you do not want to be caught off guard with 13 points if you are forced to play your King of Spades and your opponent quickly follows with the Queen of Spades. Keep in mind that your opponents are also attempting to accomplish the same goal, so avoid leaving yourself susceptible with lone high-value cards.

2.Remove an Entire Suit

You can even attempt to eliminate a whole suit while passing cards in order to relieve yourself from the obligation of following the suit of the cards being passed. Consider the following scenario: If you remove all of the Diamond suited cards before the game begins, you will be free to play troublesome AcesKings or even Hearts on your unsuspecting opponents when they play Diamonds.

3.Play Conservatively, When Appropriate

When you have control over which suit will be played, you should lay down low-value cards that have a little likelihood of bringing you any points – a Two, Three, or Four of each suit should not net you many points in a hand – to play cautiously.

4.Play Aggressively

To play aggressively and maintain control over which suit will be played, start with high-value cards that will not earn you many points in order to maintain control. Due to the fact that each player will have three cards of each suit on average, you may lead with Aces or Kings in the first few club or diamond hands and be pretty certain of not scoring any points while keeping control over the suit that is played. Once again, this is only a suggestion; each handround is fully at the mercy of chance.

5.Smoke Out the Queens

As the Queen of Spades is the most difficult card in each round, you may put pressure on your opponents’ next move by taking the lead and playing “safe” Spades, which are cards ranging from the Jack on down to the Ace. At the beginning of the game, if you find yourself with four or five Spades and no Queen of Spades, you may frequently put your opponents in a tight position and compel them to acquire points. This practice is referred to as “smoking out the Queen.” Last but not least, remember to have fun!

Hearts – Card Game Rules

Despite the fact that many trick-taking games are not directly connected to Bridge or Whist, they are popular. Probably the most well-known is Hearts, which is unquestionably one of the best card games ever invented for four players, each of whom plays in their own right.

The Pack

The normal 52-card deck is used for this game.

Object of the Game

It is your goal to finish with the lowest score possible at the conclusion of the game. As soon as one participant reaches the agreed-upon score or exceeds it, the game is over, and the player with the lowest score is declared the winner.

Card Values/Scoring

Towards the end of each hand, players count the number of hearts they have taken and, if applicable, the number of spades that they have taken. Hearts are worth one point each, and the queen is worth thirteen points. Each heart is worth one point. The Q is worth 13 points. It is required that the sum of all scores for each hand be a multiple of 26.

The game is usually completed with a score of 100 points (some play to 50). Rather than losing 26 points when a player obtains all 13 hearts and the queen of spades in a single hand, the player scores zero points and each of his opponents scores an additional 26 points.

The Deal

Deal the cards one by one, face down, in a clockwise motion. The two of diamonds should be removed from a three-person game, and each player should be handed 17 cards; in a five-player game, the two of clubs should be removed from the game, and each player should be issued 10 cards.

The Play

After receiving the pass, the player who has the two of clubs takes the first advantage. If the 2 has been removed from the three-handed game, the 3 of clubs is the one who takes the lead. If at all feasible, each player must follow the other’s lead. If a player is devoid of the suit that was led, he or she may discard a card from any other suit. A heart or the queen of spades, on the other hand, cannot be discarded if a player does not have any clubs when the first trick is played. The highest card of the suit led wins a trick, and the winner of that trick goes on to lead the next trick in the sequence.

In order to win the trick, the winner must gather it and lay it face down.

It is not necessary to discard the queen at the first available chance.

How to Play Hearts: Rules for Hearts Card Game

Are you ready to take part in a game of hearts? Check out these Hearts card game rules, which make for a fun card game to play on Valentine’s Day or any other day of the year. Discover the best strategy for playing hearts, and then get your friends and family involved in the action.

The Object of the Game of Hearts

Hearts is a trick-taking game in which participants attempt to avoid using cards. After a player achieves 100 points in the game of Hearts, the goal is to have the fewest number of points as possible when the game is over. Players do not want to wind up with tricks that feature hearts cards or the Queen of Spades, both of which are worth points in their own right. They do, however, want to be the ones to hold the Jack of Diamonds.

How Many Can Play Hearts

Players range from three to seven (four players is the best!)

The Cards

You’ll need a normal 52-card deck for this project. Each player receives the same amount of cards as the other. As a result, if there are four players, everyone receives 13 cards (13 x 4 = 52). If you have three players, deal each of them 13 cards and then place the remaining cards in the kitty. The kitty will be taken by the person who performs the first trick. The cards in each suit are rated starting with the Ace, which has the highest value, and working their way down to: K, Q, J, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, and 2.

How to Deal Cards in the Game

The participants made a pact to cut a deal. Each player is handed a card one by one until each player has a total of 13 cards in his hand. The player with the lowest cut is the first to deal. The entire pack is given out in a clockwise direction, one card at a time, with each card being laid face down. Immediately following the dealing of the cards, each player selects three cards from which to pass to an opponent. When players have finished looking at their cards and before they have received cards from their opponents, they select their cards.

After the fourth deal, each player retains their own deck of cards. Please keep in mind that after each hand, the deal is passed to the person to the left of the dealer.

How to Play the Game of Hearts

The player to the left of the dealer is the first to take the lead. It is also possible for the person who has the 2 of clubs card to be the first to begin.) Each player that follows the lead must do everything he can to keep up with the leader. If he is unable to, he may play any card he desires. When a player plays the highest card of the suit that is lead, he wins a trick for himself. The winner of the trick is in charge of the following trick. Even if you don’t have any Clubs, you cannot play a Heart card or the Queen of Spades on the opening trick, regardless of your suit.

Hearts are broken when a player does not have a card in the suit that has been led and instead puts a heart down on the table.

How to Keep Score

After all of the cards have been dealt, the players begin to add up their tricks. Each player earns a penalty point for each heart card that they have in their possession. The player who ends up with the queen of spades receives 13 points for his or her efforts. As an added bonus, the player who ends up with the Jack of Diamonds receives a ten-point deduction from his or her final score. If, on the other hand, a player wins all of the penalty cards (13 hearts and the Queen of Spades), that player receives 0 points, while all of his or her opponents receive 26.


A player who fails to follow the suit despite the fact that he is capable of doing so is not punished if he corrects his error before the trick is finished. The “offender” gets charged for all of the hearts in the deal if a revocation isn’t reversed in time and is detected before it has been scored. No penalty points are awarded to any other players in this situation. Are you looking for more entertaining card games? Learn how to play Crazy EightsorSpades by watching the video below.

Hearts Game Rules

(In a game of Hearts, all of the penalty cards are used.)

Card Game Rules

Hearts is a trick-taking game that involves four players and a regular 52-card playing card deck with the Aces on top and the 2’s on the bottom of the deck. When someone hits 100 points, the goal of the game is to have the fewest number of points as possible. See our guides forSpades andEuchre for more information on additional trick-taking games. You may get a normal Hearts pack here or one of our more recent arrivals here if you’re seeking for cards to play with.

Set Up

It is necessary to choose a dealer before the game can begin to be played.

Each player takes a turn drawing a card from a shuffled deck of cards. The dealer is chosen from among the players who have the lowest card. The dealer shuffles the deck and distributes 13 cards to each player in a clockwise direction.

How to Play

The person who has the 2 of Clubs always takes the first lead, regardless of the card he or she is holding. Players must move to the left of the 2 of Clubs and attempt to outrank the cards currently in play by ranking them higher. If they are unable to follow suit, any card may be played, with the lead suit taking precedence over all others. If a player does not have any Clubs to match the two cards on the initial trick, he or she cannot play any Hearts or the Queen of Spades. In the following round, the trick winner is given the honor of going first.


When all of the cards have been dealt, the players evaluate their trick victories and tally the number of Hearts and the Queen of Spades. Hearts are worth one point apiece, while the Queen of Spades is worth thirteen points total. To the greatest extent feasible, players seek to avoid winning tricks with the Hearts and the Queen of Spades. If, on the other hand, a player wins all of the Hearts and the Queen of Spades in the game, that person “Shoots the Moon” and earns no points, while the rest of the players gain a total of 26 points for their efforts.

Hearts may be played for free on the internet at this link.


(This is how the heart icon appears in Windows 7) Historically, the game of Hearts may be traced back to the 18th century Spanish game of Reversis. Hearts was derived from Reversis and included several characteristics that are present in modern-day Hearts, such as penalty points for tricks acquired and bonus points for specific cards, such as the Queen of Hearts. By 1850, regulations had been added and adjusted; the heart card had become the punishment card, and the queen of spades had become the speciality card, among other changes.

It soon became quite popular among pupils in elementary school.

See also:  Is Slap Cup the New Flip Cup?

For further information on the early history of Hearts, see David Parlett’s article, which may be found here.


Some versions allow for the passage of time. Passing happens prior to the lead card being placed at the beginning of the round, adding an additional degree of complexity to the game and allowing players to employ greater strategy. After determining whether or whether the game allows for passing, players will choose three cards they would like to discard before each round begins. In cycles of four, the direction of the pass changes, and so on. Player’s three cards will be passed to the person directly in front of them on the first turn; on the second turn, players’ three cards will be passed to the person directly in front of them on the third turn; and on the fourth turn, there will be no passing.

Most of the time, players prefer to get rid of high-ranking cards such as the Hearts and the Queen of Spades since those cards will almost always win the player a trick and earn them points.

Two Player Hearts

Hearts may be played by two individuals using a different deck of cards. During a game of Two Player Hearts, the numbers 3, 5, 7, 9, 10, Jacks, and Kings are removed from the deck, leaving 13 cards for each player to be dealt. All of the general regulations remain in effect.

Omnibus Hearts

The 10 of Diamonds is included in the Omnibus Hearts deck. Whenever a player wins a trick that involves the 10 of Diamonds, 10 points are deducted from their final score in the game of Omnibus. Therefore, in order to Shoot the Moon, a player must win all of the Hearts, the Queen of Spades, and the 10 of Diamonds in a single hand. Shooting the Moon in Omnibus Hearts results in either a loss of 36 points from the player’s own score or an addition of 26 points to the score of everyone else in the game.

Cancellation Hearts

Cancellation Hearts is a variation of the card game Hearts that is played with a large number of players, often 5-11. In the game of Cancellation Hearts, there are two decks of cards in play. In light of the fact that there are duplicates of every card, a new cancellation approach is developed. When a pair of cards is played, they cancel each other out in the trick ranking but continue to count as points in the overall standings. As a result, if both Aces of Hearts are played, the trick is won by the next highest card dealt, but the winner still receives two points for the Hearts.

  • The Queen of Spades is often used in Cancellation Hearts as a pair with the King of Spades in order for the winner of the trick to receive a devastating 26-point bonus.
  • For 6 players, the 2 of Clubs and the 2 of Diamonds are removed from the deck, and 17 cards are given to each player, with the remaining 2 of Clubs serving as the game’s ace of spades and leader.
  • The Joker is added to the deck for 8 players, while the 2 of Clubs is withdrawn from the deck.
  • A 2 of Clubs is withdrawn from the game for 9 players, as are both 2 of Diamonds and both 2 of Spades.
  • A 2 of Clubs is withdrawn from play, as are both 2 of Diamonds and a 2 of Spades.

Last but not least, for 11 players, the 2 of Clubs, both 2 of Diamonds, and both 2 of Spades are removed from the deck. Nine cards are dealt, and the 2 of Clubs is the first to be dealt. The Joker is regarded as a Zero of Clubs in the game of poker.

Looking for more card games to play?Check out this article:

a little about the author: The organization employs John Taylor, who works as a content writer and independent contractor. You may see his freelance profile by clicking here. He holds a B. A. in English from Texas A&M University, with a concentration in technical writing, as well as an M. A. in English from the University of Glasgow, both in Scotland. You can read some of his earlier essays on card games here, and you can check out his LinkedIn page here. Date of the most recent update: 08/30/20

How To Play Hearts And Win At Family Game Night

Photograph courtesy of Amirali Mirhashemian/Unsplash Believe it or not, playing cards was once a hugely popular hobby for adults in the United States, particularly throughout the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s. As television and technology began to take over the globe, their popularity began to diminish as a result. Card games, on the other hand, are beginning to witness a return, as is the case with all good things. Card games are classics for a reason – they’re inexpensive and (in some cases) reasonably simple to learn to play.

There’s a game for everyone, whether it’s poker, spades, or crazy eights.


Here’s everything you need to know.

The (Somewhat Confusing) History of Hearts

The game of Hearts has a rather fascinating historical background. In Spain, it is thought that the original form of the game was developed around the year 1750. More than a century later, it made its first appearance in the United States, where many believed it had originated in Germany. As is true of all things, the game itself has undergone several modifications and has changed significantly over the previous 270 years. Most significantly, the manner in which players score has evolved through time, and various sections of the world (and even different regions of the same country) continue to use distinct scoring systems today.

Auction Hearts, Black Maria (the most popular version in the United Kingdom), Black Lady (popular in the United States), Omnibus Hearts, and Heartsette are just a few of the fantastic (if not completely unrelated) names that are associated with the game.


Some games introduce a completely new language to players, which might be a bit challenging for those who are just getting started. Here are some of the terms you’ll come across in this session, as well as their meanings. Bid A statement stating the bare minimum amount of “tricks” (or turns) you anticipate winning. (When playing in pairs, players bid without discussing their offers, and then the sum of the pair’s bids is calculated.) Deal (verb) is the act of distributing cards among participants.

Kitty Extra playing cards.

It is safe to assume that all cards with the same symbol are from the same suit.

Trick The collection of cards used by all players in the course of aturnor play of a hand.

(For example, anything in the heart suit defeats any number card from the spades, diamonds, or clubs.) Alternatively, the highest card that was played. Turn There will be one cycle around the table and through all of the participants.

How Many Players Can Play?

It is possible to play with three to seven people, but four players (two pairs) is the most enjoyable and efficient configuration.


You must be the player (or team) who receives the lowest score.

How To Deal

The cards are dealt face down and in a clockwise direction. You have the option of cutting the deck and drawing cards, with the person holding the lowest card dealing. Alternatively, have the person who is most familiar with the game begin dealing. Each succeeding round should see a different set of players serve as dealers. Begin with a deck of 52 cards and arrange the cards evenly across the deck. If there are four players on the field, each team member receives 13 cards. Any cards that are left over after a game with a number of players that is not divisible by 52 should be placed in the kitty.

When you’re holding your hards, it’s preferable to arrange them according to their suitability and value.

All players pass their cards to their right during this initial deal.

Pass your cards across the table for the third round of betting.

How To Bid And Score

After everyone has received their cards, participants must place bets on how many tricks they believe they will be able to win. If there are any partners, this should be done without engaging in conversation with them. However, if there are many teams, couples, or partners, the total of their bids is combined together. (For example, if your partner bids two and you bid three, you must win a total of five tricks in a row from your partner.) After you’ve completed a deal (in this case, if you’re playing with four players, that’s 13 turns/rounds, or 13 tricks), partners should total up how many tricks they’ve won amongst themselves.

If you bid six tricks and won eight tricks, you’ll receive 62 points for your efforts.

How To Play

Some families play according to the rule that the player who has a certain card (2 of clubs) is the one who initiates the game. For the most part, it’s best to simply begin with whoever is sitting directly to the left of the dealer. From there, work your way around the table in a clockwise direction. Any card can be placed on the table by the lead player. It is recommended that you start with the player who has the two of clubs since it is the card that they should start with.) Every other player at the table must likewise place a card on the table in the same manner (lay down a club).

A card from any other suit shall be discarded if a player does not have the suit that is currently being played.

If you don’t have a club on your first move, you can’t discard a heart or the queen of spades since they are both hearts.

That individual will take the lead in the following turn.

Hearts are not permitted to lead until either a heart or the queen of spades has been thrown away. The queen is not required to be discarded at the first chance and can take the lead at any moment during the tournament.

Still confused?

This video guide will lead you through the process. The most effective strategy, though, is to just get a deck of cards and begin playing.

Game Night Humor Ahead

How about some ridiculous jokes about card playing to share with the rest of the group now that you’ve mastered every suit of hearts? Some of our favorites are listed here. 1.A relationship is similar to a game of cards. The first two suits are hearts and diamonds; the third and final suit is clubs and spades. 2.A couple of cows were smoking a joint and playing cards at the same time. The prices for the steaks were rather exorbitant. 3.Can you tell me which deck of cards has the finest dance moves?

  1. When it comes to poker, what is the difference between players and politicians?
  2. 5.I despise the idea of playing cards in the Oval Office.
  3. 6.For my birthday, the only item I received was a deck of sticky playing cards, which I quickly outgrew.
  4. 7.Can you tell me why you never engage in a game of cards in the jungle?
  5. 8.What is characterized by having a heart but no organs?
  6. I suppose you could say I’m in a state of seclusion and alone.
  7. “I’ll deal with you later,” says the author.

Quotes About Playing Cards

“When chance enters the picture, ingenuity scores twice as many points.” – Proverb from the Yiddish language The card game Rummy would have to be at the top of any “Greatest Hits” list of card games if such a list were to be compiled. Rummy is perhaps the most popular card game in the world, with probably more players than any other.” Susan Perry is the author of this piece. “You have to become familiar with the game’s regulations.” “And then you have to play better than everyone else,” says the coach.

A simple card game may make you feel unique and provide enormous delight, even if it is only for a few short seconds, no matter what your circumstances in life may be.

“When one is holding the winning hands, one should always play fairly.” Oscar Wilde once said, “It is not about having good cards, but rather about playing the cards you do possess well.” Josh Billings is a writer who lives in the United States.

Trickster Cards

Hearts is a simple trick-taking game in which players seek to get the fewest number of points possible. With one point for each Heart and thirteen for the Queen of Spades (Q), each hand has a total of 26 points.

A player may “shot the moon” by taking all 26 points in a hand and giving the remaining 26 points to the other players in the hand (see Scoring, below). When one or more players get 100 points in a game, the game is declared over. The player with the lowest score (or scores) wins.


Hearts is played using a regular 52-card deck, with the numbers 2 through Ace of each suit being used in turn. Every player receives 13 cards after the deck is shuffled and dealt face up. The ace is high, and there is no trump suit in the deck. As a result, the 2 of Diamonds is deleted from the deck while playing with three people, giving you 51 cards in the deck. Each player is dealt a total of 17 cards. Two of Diamonds and two of Clubs are deleted when there are five players. When there are six players, the two of Diamonds, the two and three of Clubs, and the two of Spades are not included in the deck.


Following the deal, each player selects three cards from their hand to pass to the next player in the sequence. The person to whom you pass alternates between (1) your left, (2) your right, (3) across, and (4) no-pass positions. A rule option can be used to adjust the pattern of the data. The cards that have been passed to you are shown in your hand once everyone else has done so.


The first trick is initiated by the player who has the lowest club (this can be altered by a rule option). The game continues in a clockwise fashion, with players following the lead suit if at all feasible, or playing any other card if this is not possible (see Exceptions to Play, below). When all four players have completed their turns, the trick is awarded to the player who played the highest card of the lead suit. a. The player who takes the trick is the one who takes the lead in the following hand.

Exceptions to Play

There are two exceptions to the game that you should be aware of:

  • You are not permitted to play a point (such as a Heart or a Q) on the opening trick of a hand (although this can be changed by a rule option)
  • And After a Heart or a Q has been dropped on the previous trick (a game option can restrict this to simply a Heart being dumped
  • See Options, below), you may not lead a point card.

If you don’t have any other options, you may play or lead a point in each situation.


At the conclusion of each hand, the points are totaled. One point is awarded for each heart captured, and thirteen points are awarded for a Q. If one person receives all 26 points in a hand, the other players’ scores are normally increased by 26 points, while the player who shot the moon receives no points at all (unless the player who shot the moon is a wild card) (took all the points). However, if adding 26 points to the other players’ scores would bring the game to a close and the person who shot the moon would not be victorious, then 26 points are removed from the shooter’s score and nothing is added to the scores of the other players in that situation.

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When one or more players reach a score of 100 or above, the game is declared over.

Hearts House Rules Options

The command “Now” creates a new game that begins right away. Alternatives are available. Make a reservation for a game for a time within the next 24 hours. Only games in which you can compete and join are allowed.


There are three different tiers of wins dependent on the buy-in level: 30, 110, 275, and 550 Trickster Chips, respectively. Only competitive games are allowed.


“To score” refers to the process of playing the game until one team obtains the score specified in “Play to score.” When the “of hands” option is selected, the game is only played for the number of hands that were specified in the”Playof hands” option.

Play to score

When the “Play”option is set to “To score,” this choice determines the game’s final score. You have the option of setting the game over score to 50 or 100 in Play and Compete. The game over score in Practice and Join can be any multiple of 25 between 50 and 200 points, and it is configurable in all modes.

Playof hands

When the “Play”option is set to “of hands,” this setting determines the number of hands that will be played. When the required number of hands has been completed, the player with the lowest score wins.

Play style

“Solo” refers to a game that is played by one person (alone). “Team” is a game in which players work together as a team.


If you’re playing solo, you can choose the number of players that will be participating. If you’re playing in teams, “2v2” refers to two teams of two players, “2v2v2” refers to three teams of two, and “3v3” refers to two teams of three players each.


“Yes” indicates that taking the Q will get you +13 points. “No” indicates that Q is completely worthless.

Points for ♦J

“0” indicates that the J is worthless. “5” or”10″means that taking the J will deduct the appropriate number of points from your total.

Shoot the moon

Non-shooters’ scores are increased by 26 points unless the shooter loses, in which case 26 points are deducted from the shooter’s total score. The modifier “+26” always adds 26 points to the scores of non-shooters. The number “26” always deducts 26 points from the shooter’s total score.

Must shoot alone

In team games, the word “yes” indicates that a single player must shoot the moon. “No” indicates that the team’s total score is used to choose whether or not to shoot the moon.

−50 for 50x

“Any 50x” signifies that 50 points are deducted whenever your score is an exact multiple of 50 points or more (for example, 50 or 100). “50×50” is similar to “Any 50x,” except that it is only available when your score is 100 or above. Based on the score, the option “Never” subtracts nothing.


Hearts can be led after the Q has been played but before any Hearts have been dropped if the answer is “Yes.” “No” necessitates the depletion of a Heart before a Heart may be guided (unless you have nothing but Hearts).

♠Q after ♥

“Yes” prevents the Q from being discarded until all of the Hearts have been shattered. When following suit, you may continue to lead or play the game. When “No” is selected, the Q may be dropped at any moment.


Following the deal, the word “none” indicates that no cards will be passed. Three cards are always delivered to the player on your left if the option “Always Left” is selected. Three cards are always handed to the player to your right if you are playing “Always Right.” “Always Across” indicates that three cards are always handed to the person across the table (not available in 3-player games). Three cards are always passed in the order of left, right, across, and there is no keeper hand in the game “left, right, across.” Left, right, across, keep” indicates that three cards are passed after the deal in the following order: left, right, across; every fourth hand does not have any cards passed after the deal.

“Around” indicates that the pass rotates around in a clockwise direction but does not include a no-pass hand. “Around Keep” is similar to “Around,” but it contains a no-pass hand as well.

First lead

Following the deal, the word “none” indicates that no cards are passed. Three cards are always handed to the player on your left if the option “Always Left” is enabled. Three cards are always handed to the player to your right if you are playing “Always Right”. Three cards are always handed to the player across when the option “Always Across” is selected (not available in 3-player games). Three cards are always passed in the following order: left, right, across. There is no keeper hand in this game.

Dump points

“After First Trick” indicates that you are not permitted to dump points on the first trick. “Anytime” indicates that you are permitted to dump points on the first trick.


If you choose “Yes,” this game will be hidden from other players until they have expressly asked them to join using the “Invite Friends”form. The option “No” permits it to be seen by all friends of participants in this game. Only those who participate in games will be considered.

Allow suggestions:

In order for players to see bid and card play suggestions, they must choose “Yes” in their personal preferences. Players will not be able to view suggestions if they select “No.” In play games, the answer is always “yes,” whereas in competitive games, the answer is always “no.”

Allow watching:

“Yes” permits up to 10 extra people to join in on the game’s viewing pleasure. They are not privy to anyone’s playing cards. No one will be able to watch if you say “No.” Only those who participate in games will be considered.

Chat during game:

During the game, the chat option “None” will turn off all communication. The setting “Preset” allows you to only utilize the built-in chat messages. “Text” enables for a more in-depth conversation. Before and after games, you may talk to other players in real time.

Time to pass:

The time limit for a player to pass is specified here as an optional parameter. “Off” indicates that there are no time restrictions on passing. In the following examples, the time restriction is set to 7, 15, 30, or 60 seconds: “7s,” “15s,”,”30s,” and “60s.” Play games is automatically added to the list.

Time to play:

The time restriction for a player to play a card is specified here as an optional parameter. “Off” indicates that there are no time restrictions on card play. “7s,””15s,”,”30s,””60s”defines a time restriction for playing a card of 7, 15, 30, or 60 seconds, depending on the option selected. Play games is automatically added to the list.

How to Play Hearts

Hearts is a trick-taking game in which the purpose is to avoid winning tricks that feature the heart symbol; the queen of spades is significantly more difficult to avoid than the other cards. The game initially originated towards the end of the nineteenth century and is now widely played in many nations in various formats, including the United States. The first section of this page explains the American version.

At the conclusion of the article, you will find some observations on further variants. Almost all of the information on this page was compiled by John Hay as part of his research for his upcoming book. Thank you so much to John for granting permission for to utilize this information.

Playersand Cards

Hearts is a trick-taking game in which the goal is to avoid winning tricks that feature the heart symbol; the queen of spades is much more difficult to defeat. A version of the game initially played in 1899 and currently played in a variety of formats across many nations is known as “soccer.” The American version is covered first on this page. After that, there will be some comments on various versions. This website contains a lot of information that John Hay collected in preparation for his forthcoming book.

Objectof Game

The goal is to avoid receiving any points at any costs. It is necessary to reach or go above 100 points in order for the game to conclude, and the winner is determined by who has the lowest score at that moment.

Dealand Passing

Dealing and playing are done in a clockwise direction. All of the cards are given out one by one, so that everyone has a total of 13 cards. The first hand begins by each player passing any three cards face-down to the person to their left, once the deal has been completed. Passing cards involves selecting the cards to be passed and placing them face-down, ready to be picked up by the receiving player; only after that may the receiving player pick up the cards sent to them, examine them, and add the cards to his or her own collection of cards.

On the third hand, each player deals three cards to the player sitting across from them, and the game ends.

The sequence then repeats itself until the game is completed.

ThePlay of the Hand

The guy who has the two of clubs is responsible for leading it to the first trick. If at all feasible, the other players must play a card from the same suit as the one that was led by the first player. Any card can be played in the event that they do not possess the appropriate suit. The trick is won by the person who played the highest card of the suit that was led, and the trick is followed by the following trick. When a heart is played as a discard, it is not permissible to lead it to another trick until after the heart has been played.

Painting the trick is the term used to describe the act of discarding a penalty card on a trick.

In fact, it is common practice to lead lesser spades in an attempt to push the queen out of the game.


Normally, each player receives penalty points for cards used in the tricks that they have successfully completed. Each heart is worth one point, while the queen of spades is worth thirteen points overall. If, on the other hand, you manage to win all of the scoring cards (a process known as “lamorshooting the moon”), your score is decreased by 26 points, or you can opt to have the scores of all other players enhanced by 26 points.

When one player reaches or exceeds 100 points at the completion of a hand, the game continues until the next hand is completed. The winner is determined by the individual who received the lowest score.


Various passingcycles may be employed, for example, as follows:

  • Pass left, pass right, pass across, then repeat (no hold hand)
  • Scatterinstead of hold (players pass one card to every other player)
  • Both scatter and hold hands are played (the cycle is left, right, across, scatter, then hold)
  • And both scatter and hold hands are played (the cycle is left, right, across, scatter, then hold).

Some games provide that players are not obligated to pass any cards if they do not desire to do so. Simply passing the cards that have been given to them without looking at them is all that they do. It is possible that a player will receive their own cards as a consequence of this.

Playof the Hand

Some players enable hearts to be lead at any moment during a game session. This was the original rule, however in the United States, virtually everyone now follows the rule that heart leads are prohibited unless hearts have been shattered by another player. The original rule stated that the player to the left of the dealer always leads to the first trick (rather than the holder of the 2 of clubs leading it), and that the person to the left of the dealer might lead any card. Some individuals continue to play in this manner.

Some players believe that it is forbidden to play points on the very first trick, unless, of course, they have nothing but penalty cards in their hand at the time.

In other words, after the Queen of Spades or any other heart has been played, hearts may be beled at any point.

Others believe that you must play the Queen of Spades as soon as it is safe to do so, regardless of the situation.


Many people believe that the Jack of Diamonds (or the Ten of Diamonds, depending on the situation) is a bonus card, with the person who receives it losing 10 points. If you want to play this manner, you must agree on whether or not you must take the Jack of Diamonds in order to shoot the moon. If a player does manage to shoot the moon, scoring should proceed as usual; however, the person who took the Jack of Diamonds will have 10 points removed from their total (even if it is the shooter). Shooting the sun is consuming all of our tricks (as opposed to takingall points).

When it comes to shooting the moon, there are a variety of different scores to choose from.

  • The shooter is always docked 26 points
  • All other players are always docked 26 points
  • All other players are always docked 26 points unless this would allow one of them to win, in which case the shooter is docked 26 points

Achieving a specific level of success has a unique meaning for certain people. For example, if your score at the conclusion of a hand is exactly 100 points, your score is decreased to 50 points (or zero).

Additional hands may be played until a clear victor is determined if one or more players reach or surpass 100 points and there is a tie for the lowest score at the end of the game.


It is possible for four people to play hearts in fixed pairings, with partners seated opposite each other, in two different ways.

  1. Partners continue to work together on their ruses. On each hand, your team receives the entire amount of penalty points you have accrued as a result of your trick performances. In the event that one team wins all 14 penalty cards in a hand, they have the option of awarding the opponents 26 penalty points or deducting 26 penalty points from their own score. Each player maintains an individual score, and in order to “shoot the moon,” a player must win all of the penalty cards in a single hand. The game continues until one of the players’ scores hits 100 or more
  2. At that point, the scores of all the players are added together, and the partnership with the lowest total wins. As a result, even if you are the one who goes over 100, your team has a chance to win. If you have 105 points and your partner has 34 points, and your opponents have 78 and 69 points, your team wins by 139 points to 147 points.
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OtherNumbers of Players

The game may be played with three or five players depending on the number of participants. There are a variety of strategies for dealing with the issue that the cards cannot be given out equally to all of the participants:

  1. Distribute the cards as far as they will go in an equitable fashion. There will be one or two cards left over at the end of the game. These cards are referred to as thekitty, and they are put face down in the center of the table. Each of these cards is taken by the player who receives the first trick (or alternately, the first penaltypoint), and each of these cards is placed alongside its seized cards (they may look at them first). If the number two is in the kitty, the holder of the lowest club that is not in the kitty must take the lead (if no one has the number two, ask if anybody has the number three, then the number four, and so on)
  2. Just like in Method 1, except instead of adding these extra cards to their hand, the player who takes the first point or trick discards an equal number of cards face down into their tricks. Remove the two cards from the deck with three players, leaving 51 cards in the deck. When there are five players, the 2 and 3 are removed, and the bearer of the 3 leads it to the first trick.

In the three-player game, passing can take place in any of the following patterns:

  • Left, right, hold, repeat
  • Left, right, repeat
  • Alternatively, you can disperse by handing two cards to each other player if you pass four cards rather than three cards. You may then include scattering into one of the previously mentioned rotations.

It is possible to follow any of the following patterns while playing a five-player game:

  • Alternating between left and right, hold and repeat
  • Left and right, repeat
  • Left and right, hold and repeat
  • Second person to the left, second person to the right, hold and repeat
  • Left, right, 2nd to the left, hold, left, right, 2nd to the right, hold, left, right, 2nd to the left, hold, repeat


Gong Zhu is a Chinese board game that has been adapted into an American game called Turbo Hearts (Catch the Pig).

  • The Jackof Diamonds are employed in the same ways as in the previous variants. Whoever catches the Ten of Clubs increases their score for that hand by a factor of two. After the pass, but before the first lead, each player may “turbo-charge” one of the following cards with a special power: The aces of hearts, queens of spades, jacks of diamonds, and tens of clubs are all possible combinations. By placing the cardface up in front of them, they accomplish this. A turbo-charged Queen of Spades or a turbo-charged Jack of Diamonds increases the value of that card in that hand by a factor of two. A turbo-charged Ace of Hearts increases the value of all hearts in that hand by a factor of two. A turbo-chargedTen of Clubs quadruples the score for the hand in which it is captured by the player who has captured it. Unless a card of that suit is led first, a player may not play a turbo-charged card of that suit.


When he was at Upenn, Richard Garfield introduced a further development of Turbo hearts that were previously unavailable. Booster nines operate in the following manner. Whenever a nine is either led to a trick or played while following suit, there is a boost: one more round is played in the same suit, which means a further card from each player, in rotation; otherwise, there is no boost. The lead suit was represented by the first of the eight cards dealt, and the highest card of this suit wins the eight-card trick.

Using this version, shooting the moon becomes a little less difficult since you can dump a loser on your own excellent nine (or one drawn from an opponent).


Using two 52-card decks that have been shuffled together, this variation of Hearts can accommodate 6 to 10 players. The cards are handed out as far as they will let them to go, with any remaining cards being placed in a face-down kitty, which is then collected by the person who wins the first trick in the game. The player on the dealer’s left takes the initial turn and may begin with any card. When two similar cards are played to a trick, their trick-taking power cancels out since they have the same number of tricks (but still carry penalty points if they arepenalty cards).

As long as all of the cards played from the suitled are in cancelling pairs, the trick remains on the table, the same player takes the lead again, and the cards are given to the winner of the following trick.

If there is no winner in the very last trick, the cards are given to the winner of the previous trick.


Here’s a version in which the penalty value of the hearts is the same as the pip-value of the hearts. That is, the two penaltypoints, the three penaltypoints, the four penaltypoints, and so on. The jack of hearts is for 11 penalty points, the queen is worth 12, the king is worth 13, and the queen of spades is worth 25. As an alternative, some players believe that the hearts from 2-10 are for their face value, that all heart portraits are worth 10, that the heart ace is worth 15, and that the spade queen is worth 25.

Because the points are higher while playing spot hearts, a larger objective score – say 500 – is required.


This is the British version of Hearts, which is also known as Dirty Lady NB in certain circles. There is also a completely separate Finnish game called Black Maria, which is played in a completely different way (Mustamaijain Finnish; Svarta Maija in Swedish). TheMustamaijapage contains a detailed explanation of that game. It is usual for three players to participate in Black Maria; the two of clubs is removed from the pack and 17 cards are dealt to each player. It is also possible to play Black Maria with four players, in which case all of the cards are dealt out at the same time.

The player on the dealer’s left takes the lead initially and may lead anything at any time.

There are several different scoring schemes to choose from:

  • 1 point for each heart
  • 13 points for the queen of spades (as in the United States)
  • 1 point for each heart
  • 13 points for the queen of spades
  • 10 points for the king of spades
  • 7 points for the ace of spades (for a total of 43 points)
  • As in Spot Hearts: 1 point for each heart
  • As in Spot Hearts: 2 – 10 of hearts are worth their face value
  • J, Q, and K of hearts are worth 10 points
  • Ace of hearts is for 15 points
  • And queen of spades is worth 25 points. It is in this scenario that the game is played to 500 points rather than 100 points.

How to Play Hearts

It was termed Reverse in the 18th century because in this card game, you desire to lose certain tricks rather than win them, which is what you want to happen in Hearts.


3 through 7 are the greatest, with 4 being the best.


A standard 52-card deck is used.


A (high) to 2 (low) (low).


At the conclusion of the game, the player with the lowest score is declared the winner. In each hand, your objective is to:

  • Attempt to avoid winning any tricks, including a heart or the Queen of Spades (also known as the Black Maria), or win all 13 hearts and the Black Maria

Watch Now: Hearts Card Game Rules

In a game of Hearts with four players, each player receives 13 cards. Three players play a three-person game in which the 2 of diamonds is eliminated and each player receives 17 cards. Each player receives ten cards in a five-person game in which the two of diamonds and the two of clubs have been eliminated. In a 6-person game, the two and three of diamonds, as well as the three and four of clubs, are eliminated, and each player is dealt 8 cards total. In a seven-person game, the two and three of diamonds, as well as the three of clubs, are eliminated, and each player is dealt seven cards.

Passing Cards

After taking a look at his or her own hand, each player selects three cards and gives them face down to the next player in turn. Before looking at the cards acquired from an opponent, all players must pass their cards to one another. In a four-person game, the passing rotation is as follows: (1st hand) to the player on your left, (2nd hand) to the player on your right, (3rd hand) to the player across the table, and (4th hand) no passing. After then, the cycle is repeated till the game is over.


Immediately following the pass, the player who has the 2 of clubs plays that card to begin the first trick. Whenever the 2 of clubs is taken away in a 3-player game, the 3 of clubs becomes the leader of the game. If at all feasible, each player must follow the other’s lead. If a player does not have any cards in the suit that is being led, a card from any other suit may be discarded instead. If, on the other hand, a player does not have any clubs when the first trick is done, a heart or the Black Maria cannot be performed.

The winner of the trick maintains all of the cards he or she has won face down in a single stack in front of himself or herself.

Until a heart, or the Black Maria has been performed, it is not permissible to lead hearts (this is called “breaking” hearts). The Black Maria can be lead at any hour of the day or night. In the game of Hearts, there is no trump suit.


Make use of a score sheet that has a column for each player on it. Count the amount of hearts each player has taken, as well as the number of times the Black Maria has been used, at the end of each hand. Hearts are worth one point apiece, while the Black Maria is worth thirteen points. If one person wins all 13 hearts as well as the Black Maria (this is referred as as “shooting the moon”), that player has the option of subtracting 26 points from his or her own score or adding 26 points to the scores of every other player in the game.

The game is over when one of the players reaches or surpasses the previously agreed-upon score.


Hearts is also played in a variety of variations, including Cancellation Hearts and Omnibus Hearts, among others. Kelly Miller’s The Spruce is out now.

Hearts Card Game Strategy and Tips

With Hearts, once you’ve made your passes, you’ll need to make the most of your cards by playing them as well as you possibly can. Inexperienced players can achieve shooting the moon (earning all 26 points), but these beginner recommendations will assume that you are not attempting to shoot the moon and are simply seeking for some fundamental Hearts strategy advice.

The First Trick

There aren’t many alternatives available in this area. If you hold the Two of Clubs in your hand, you are in the lead. Due to the fact that no points may be scored on the first trick, use your strongest club. You can take advantage of being void in clubs by trashing a potentially harmful high card (such as an Ace or King of Spades) or by attempting to become void in another suit. Greater vacancies translate into more opportunities in the future.

Bleeding Spades

Generally speaking, after the first trick is played, any player who is not in danger of taking the queen of spades will want to lead spades as often as possible until the queen of spades is taken. The primary logic behind this is straightforward: if spades continue to be led, the players who have the A, K, and Q will ultimately be forced to play those cards. In the event that you do not have any of those cards, you should put them into play as quickly as possible so that someone else is forced to take responsibility for those 13 points.

So long as you don’t have a near-perfect hand with no high cards that are likely to win any tricks, your fighting strategy should generally consist of leading spades as often as possible until the queen is dealt to someone else.

Defending Spades

In contrast, if you are trapped with an undefended Q, K, or A of spades, you run the risk of being forced to take the queen if spades continues to be led. Creating a void should be your primary objective, and you should do so as quickly as possible by leading suits in which you only have one or two cards. As an example, by dumping your only two diamonds, you can hope that someone else will lead diamonds and enable you to drop your lousy spade. If you have the Queen of Spades in your hand, another option is to lead your longer suit (clubs or diamonds) and hope that someone else is holding the ace of spades.

Once this occurs, people’s hearts will have been damaged, and they may choose to lead with their hearts rather than their spades. If you have a limited number of hearts and are able to dump the queen on a hearts trick, this is an excellent strategy.


These are the undesirable cards. After you’ve avoided getting dealt the Queen of Spades, you’ll want to avoid getting dealt too many of them. It appears to be straightforward, doesn’t it? It all depends on the cards you have in your hand, to be honest. If you have low hearts, you don’t have to be concerned since you can duck beneath any lead that has hearts. If you have high hearts, you should strive to dump them on someone else as quickly as possible, rather than hanging on to them for long periods of time.


You should almost always make an effort to generate an early vacuum by discarding all of your cards from a single suit if you are able to do so. As a result of doing so, the next time that suit is led, you will be able to get rid of your worst card, which is a very powerful position. It’s also vital to maintain track of the other players at the table who have voids, so you don’t end up leading a suit with which you’re trapped.


While it is not technically required to keep count of the number of times each suit has been played when playing Hearts, it will help you perform far better. As tough as it may appear, this is really less difficult than it appears; until someone discovers a void by discarding an off-suit card, the number of cards played of any suit will be divisible by 4. This is critical information to keep track of in order to avoid playing into the vacuum of other players. For example, if three full rounds of clubs have been played and you have a club in your hand, that club is the final one to be dealt with.

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